16.07.2021 – 16:26
The British weekly “The Economist” published this year a special entitled “What if?”, Which contains a series of articles, in which the editors of the magazine try to imagine what the future will be, based on current knowledge of the facts and their trends in various fields. This year the hypotheses have focused on health-related issues, imaginary elements, and on other topics based on scientific evidence.
Extreme heat (Year 2041)
In the summer of 2041, a continuous wave of extreme heat touches a part of India for 3 consecutive weeks, with temperatures going up to 50 ° C. In the city of Chennai on the Bay of Bengal, nearly 18,000 people die due to high temperatures and humidity.
A little further north in Hyderabad, there have been only 26 deaths, thanks to policies pursued in previous years to keep buildings as cool as possible. The first program in this regard, began to be implemented in 2017, when the local administration experimented with insulating buildings with materials that reflect more sunlight.
In the buildings that underwent this procedure, an average temperature drop of 2 ° C was achieved. The city has also planted 2.5 million trees, which have helped reduce areas such as asphalt, which tend to absorb a lot of heat, and then release it slowly overnight.
Smartphone and health (Year 2028)
In September 2028, Apple introduced the iPhone XX, the latest version of its famous smartphone, which has made great strides in the health monitoring systems of their users. Through an iPhone XX and Apple Watch app, people can monitor blood pressure, the state of the respiratory system with an oximeter and spirometer, fertility, and systems to help users live better and eat foods that are at risk. less likely to cause unexpected events.
Lunar Monkeys (Year 2055)
In 2055, the South Pole on the Moon, is inhabited by a monkey colony that befriends several astronauts living on a lunar base, as part of several long-term experiments. Monkeys are among the first animals to be born directly on the Moon, after a long research process that included, among other things, the selection of the most suitable genes to ensure that newborns have a denser bone, which can withstand the negative effects of lower gravity.
Artificial Intelligence (Year 2036)
The winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2036 is YULYA, an Artificial Intelligence that has helped save the lives of at least 4 million people by finding the right combination of antibiotics to overcome the problem of antibiotic resistance. In previous decades, the massive use of antibiotics had led to the emergence of bacterial versions, which were better able to resist these types of drugs, making it increasingly difficult to treat some diseases.
MRNA Technology (Year 2029)
After demonstrating their potential with vaccines during the 2020 coronavirus pandemic, mRNA technologies become in 2029 a valuable resource and not just in the medical field. They are used to stimulate our body to produce a wide variety of substances, from which the human body benefits.
During the 2024 Paris Olympics, some athletes used mRNA-based drugs to increase the amount of erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone that regulates red blood cell production, which enables better physical performance. Unlike other doping substances that make it possible to achieve the same goal, those used in Paris were so new that they could not be identified through classical anti-doping tests.
The way of nutrition (Year 2035)
In 2019, an article was published in the medical scientific journal The Lancet on the need to develop a “planetary health diet” based on halving the consumption of red meat and sugar, along with doubling the consumption of fruits. dried, vegetables and legumes between 2020-2050.
The goal has not yet been achieved in 2035, but thanks to the spread of “personalized diets”, it has begun to be practicable, although the poorest countries find it very difficult to access the systems and resources needed to implement it. him.
The “personalized diet” is made possible by the increasingly accurate and free analysis of each person’s genetic heritage, and by the availability of artificial intelligence applications and systems that control eating habits.
Dementia (Year 2050)
For the first time in decades, cases of senile dementia have begun to fall sharply, despite the increase in the average age in many parts of the world. The first signs of a reduction were recorded in 2030. The reduction of cases seems to be related primarily to the healthy lifestyles of the population, with less exposure to potentially toxic substances, and thanks to greater attention to health during aging. / Received with cuts from Il Post – Bota.al