The Government of Kosovo and the Prime Minister, Albin Kurti must build a clear position in relation to the European Union for the agreements reached so far in the framework of the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue, says Jeta Krasniqi, analyst at the Democratic Institute of Kosovo.
On Wednesday, June 9, the spokesman of the European Union, Peter Stano, announced that the dialogue for the normalization of relations between Kosovo and Serbia will continue on June 15, in Brussels, where they will meet for the first time the Prime Minister of Kosovo, Albin Kurti and the President of Serbia, Aleksandar Vuiqi..
He also stressed that the European Union and its member states expect continued commitment from both sides to be involved in this dialogue, as well as to implement all past agreements.
“This means that everything that has been agreed must be implemented,” Stano said.
Earlier, Prime Minister Kurti had stated that his government will be committed to reviewing the agreements reached earlier, in terms of their implementation, but also the impact they have on citizens.
Opposition parties, the Democratic Party of Kosovo and the Democratic League of Kosovo, see in different ways the continuation of the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue, but also the issue of agreements reached so far.
Krasniqi: Government to clarify “review of agreements”
Jeta Krasniqi from the Democratic Institute of Kosovo emphasizes that Prime Minister Kurti has already announced that he will be committed to reviewing the agreements reached so far in the framework of the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue. But, according to her, Prime Minister Kurti has not yet provided information whether this review of the agreements means that there is a readiness or a request from the Kosovo side for renegotiation of these agreements or for their non-implementation.
Among the agreements so far, according to her, is the one for the formation of the Association of Serb-majority municipalities, which the Government of Kosovo considers problematic.
As Krasniqi says, Kosovo had previously expressed its readiness to form this Association, according to the ruling of the Constitutional Court of Kosovo, which in 2015 found that in 23 points of the agreement, the principles are not in line with the Constitution of Kosovo. , although he said that they can be harmonized with a legal act of the Government of Kosovo.
“But it seems that the European Union is looking for another version. It demands that there be again negotiations between Kosovo and Serbia and that a new agreement be reached on this agreement, so that this can be done with Serbia together. Meanwhile, Kosovo does not support this position. So, we need to see a little more clarification about Kosovo’s position, more clarification about this first meeting. “Let’s see what will happen and how the agreements will be further processed, whether they will be re-evaluated and whether they will be renegotiated, because if we renegotiate the Association Agreement, then the way is open for renegotiation of all agreements.” stressed Krasniqi.
Opposition parties with different approaches
Regarding the continuation of the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue, as well as the issue of agreements reached in this process, the opposition parties, the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK) and the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), have different approaches.
The acting chairman of the PDK, Enver Hoxhaj said that the current government of the country has failed in the issue of dialogue. In a presentation at the “Speak Open” forum on June 9, Hoxhaj said that Prime Minister Kurti had previously set two conditions for starting a dialogue with Serbia, an apology from Serbia and the return of missing persons.
“He (Kurti) claimed that he, never, he personally and Lëvizja Vetëvendosje will never sit down with Vuiqiiq, without apologizing to Serbia for genocide. We are waiting, until June 15, for Serbia to do such a thing or for Mr. Kurti not to go to the meeting “, said Hoxhaj.
Arben Gashi, head of the LDK Parliamentary Group, told Radio Free Europe that Kosovo’s dialogue with Serbia should continue, according to the principles of the previous government led by former Prime Minister Avdullah Hoti from the League Democratic Party of Kosovo.
“The dialogue must continue with the basic principles that we will have a final comprehensive agreement and that we will not agree on anything until we agree on everything. Secondly, the territorial integrity is inalienable and thirdly, the unitary character of the state of Kosovo is inalienable “, stressed Gashi.
In many cases, the formation of the Association of Serb-majority municipalities with executive powers, which is a request of the Serbian authorities, is seen from the political spectrum in Kosovo as a way that violates the unitary character of the state of Kosovo.
Regarding what will happen with the issue of the Association of Serb-majority municipalities, Prime Minister Albin Kurti, on June 1, stated that “in Kosovo we can not have a mono-ethnic association” and that it is necessary to integrate all citizens , regardless of ethnicity.
The EU demands new negotiations for the Association
Jeta Krasniqi from the Democratic Institute of Kosovo, says that the question remains what is the legal status of the agreements reached so far in the Brussels dialogue, because they are called agreements. According to her, those agreements have not even been signed by the parties and have not been ratified by the assemblies in Kosovo and Serbia, except for the 2013 agreement, which was ratified by the Assembly of Kosovo.
Regarding the issue of the Association, according to her, it is already clear what the requirements of the European Union are, but, as she says, Kosovo already has its position on this issue and must articulate it before the European Union and Serbia.
“The 2013 agreement has been ratified by the Assembly of Kosovo and in order to change it, the ratification must be annulled. However, what is being requested from Kosovo is not the direct implementation of the provisions (agreement) of 2013, but a renegotiation is required, as it is said that there should be an agreement with Serbia. The agreement does not provide for an agreement with Serbia. In 2015, the Constitutional Court rejected (the Association Agreement). So, there will be pressure, both on Kosovo and Serbia. Therefore, there must be a good preparation, there must be clear positions and we must see how the negotiations will go forward “, said Krasniqi.
Based on the statements of the EU spokesperson, Peter Stano, that “everything that has been agreed must be implemented”, Radio Free Europe addressed the Government of Kosovo with the question whether it will be committed to the implementation of the agreements. achieved so far in the dialogue with Serbia, including the Association Agreement.
Until the publication of this text, the Government of Kosovo has not responded.