from Nikë Gashaj
On September 23-34, 1991, Montenegro joined the war together with JNA units stationed in the Republic. Montenegro went to war in the Dubrovnik area. Formally and legally, since it was not a subject of international law, Montenegro “did not take part in the war in Croatia”, but realistically and factually, it was a participant in that war of aggression.
The Montenegrin state authorities and its representatives in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during 1990-1991, as well as the Montenegrin representatives in the New State, in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, from April 1992 onwards, further supported the concept of “Greater Serbia” for all Serbs in one state. Therefore, they promoted a policy based on the plan that a large part of the territory, respectively the territory of the Republic of Croatia, which on June 25, 1991, officially declared the independence of the state, and which was inhabited by a a significant part of the Serb population had to secede from Croatia and join Serbia. The political leadership of Montenegro and its representatives in the Yugoslav government, as well as Serbia, supported him immensely, both in the creation and functioning for several years of a pre-state Creature, the so-called Republic of Serbian Krajina. It was established by force in the territory of the Republic of Croatia, in the internationally recognized state and later a member of the UN.
Since mid-1991, the JNA has been actively involved and has acted, respectively its leadership and effectively under the command and control. In that sense, a general offensive has been launched, the so-called “Operation Dubrovnik”. It began on 1 October 1991, from the territory of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro (as well as part of BiH), with an attack on the Konoval area and the entire Dubrovnik region, and then on the city of Dubrovnik itself. In fact, although not officially, Montenegro has been at war with Croatia since October 1, 1991, despite the fact that its official Republican bodies have denied it.
More than 7,000 mobilized Montenegrin citizens took part in that war operation. Citizens went to war en masse outside the borders of Montenegro, that is, they took part in the attack on the Republic of Croatia, which had declared independence three months ago. Organized and ordered by the JNA General Staff and other structures of government, power and influence, Montenegrin citizens were mobilized, both within the JNA and in volunteer units, placed under JNA command, and within the Territorial Defense of Montenegro, but partly also within the armed formations of the Republican Special Police of the Government of Montenegro, whose premiere was Milo Djukanovic.
During the war in Croatia (1991-1995), Montenegrin citizens were killed and wounded, not only on the Dubrovnik-Herzegovina battlefield, but also on the Vukovar front and in other parts of Croatia. Among those killed in those wars were Montenegrin volunteers who were part of the JNA, but also those operating within paramilitary formations from Serbia and Montenegro.
Montenegro and the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995)
Serbia and Montenegro, from 27 April 1992 in the joint state of the FRY, refuse to recognize the results of the referendum in BiH, which took place from 29 February to 1 March 1992, where the overwhelming majority of citizens ( 64.31%) voted for BiH as a sovereign and independent state.
The unequivocal indications of the agreement between Slobodan Milosevic and Franjo Tudjman, reached in Karadjordjevo on the partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina, significantly influenced the character of this war. Authorities in Montenegro and Serbia, respectively in the FRY, have consistently formally denied involvement in the war in BiH (1992-1995). However, precisely because of the role of Serbia and Montenegro in that war, the United Nations Security Council imposed tough international sanctions against the FRY on May 30, 1992, which will remain in force for some time. tall. Since the beginning of the war in BiH, Serbia and Montenegro (FRY), politically, ideologically, with weapons and ammunition, militarily, materially, financially, logically and in other ways have supported and assisted the government and the army in the war in the unit formed by the so-called war: Republika Srpka, which was under the control and command of war criminals against humanity: Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic, with the aim of completely separating from BiH.
They fought against the survival of Bosnia and Herzegovina as an internationally recognized state and a member of the UN. Former JNA, ie. the FRY authorities, which controlled it at the time and financed it from the FRY budget. Power factors from Montenegro and its cadres in the executive and legislative branches of the FRY also took part in that aspect, participating in decision-making or in the adoption of decisions in that direction.
The President of Montenegro, Momir Bulatovi., Was from 1992-1997 a member of the Supreme Defense Council of the FRY, the body that commanded the Yugoslav Army. He participated equally in all decisions of the Supreme Defense Council of the FRY, as well as in those relating to the role of the FRY and the Yugoslav Army in the war in BiH (1992-1995).
The President and the authorities of Montenegro, together with the leadership of the Republic of Serbia and the FRY, took decisions regarding the budget of the Yugoslav Army and a part of the funds, which had to do with the military, personnel and support of supply and assistance to Republika Srpska Army troops during the war in BiH. The governments of Serbia and Montenegro have continuously supplied, mainly with oil (fuel), the Republika Srpska and its Army during the war in BiH.
Also, armed paramilitary groups and individuals were fleeing Montenegrin territory to fight on the Serb side in BiH. Under international sanctions against the FRY, there was smuggling of weapons, oil, cars, etc., the so-called “weekend fighters” went to the territory of Bosnia and carried out numerous riots, arson, robbery, vomiting, rape, murder and abuse, made profits war, etc., while in Montenegro they opened up national chauvinism and terrorized Muslims / Bosniaks.
The war in BiH has inspired terror and crimes against Bosniaks in Montenegro and Serbia. Despite the rejection of the request of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Serbia, Dr. Vladimir Lukic, for the ethnic extermination of Bosniaks / Muslims in Northern Montenegro and the Sandzak area, a number of crimes were committed that “confirmed” the Montenegrin government’s loyalty to the Serbian war. Bosnia. Among them is the crime of deportation, when in May 1992, Montenegrin police authorities arrested and handed over to Bosnian Serb forces more than 85 Bosniak refugees from Bosnia, most of whom were killed. This is one of the most monstrous types of crimes in the history of Montenegro and is contrary to the traditions and customs of these lands, as well as to international law.
There has also been widespread atrocities against Bosniaks in Pljevlja and the surrounding area, particularly in the Bukovica area. The passengers were then abducted by a train in rtrpce, on the territory of BiH, where 18 Bosniaks and a person of unknown origin were taken from the train, which was traveling on the Belgrade-Bar line, on 27 February 1993. Also, Mention is made of the so-called “Limit” operation in which the Montenegrin police in early 1994, arrested the entire political leadership of the Democratic Action Party of Montenegro, the Muslim party, including the then Republican MPs of Montenegro. They were victims of torture in detention. And that 22 detainees will be sentenced in a politically rigged trial to a total of 82.2 years in prison. They were released from prison after being ousted by Montenegrin President Momir Bulatovic on December 29, 1995.
The participation of the FRY, viz. its members Serbia and Montenegro, in the war in BiH, were also recognized by international organizations (European Union and United Nations), major powers and other states. The joint responsibility of Serbia and Montenegro, that is, of their power in the aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina, is also mentioned in the US Department of State’s 1992 report, which, among other things, clearly states: “While the governments of Serbia / Montenegro denies that they were involved in the 1991 war in Croatia and BiH, they were, in fact, deeply involved in the violation of humanitarian law and human dignity in the Bosnian war by the JNA and the Serbian paramilitary force. They armed Serb forces in both republics through the JNA, their citizens took part in the wars as members of paramilitary formations, with the approval of governments, they allowed regular JNA troops to remain in Bosnia after May, were transferred to the so-called “Serbian army”. In addition, they continued to supply Serbian forces with fuel, food and other necessities, and with goods that were in retail and in their own republics. “They do not condemn personalities who appear to be involved in war crimes.”
CRIMES AGAINST ALBANIANS IN KALLUGJERSKI LLAZ-ROZHAJE
(April 18, 1991)
The crime against the Albanian civilian population from Kosovo – as refugees, fleeing to save their heads from the war and the Serbian aggression in Kosovo was committed in the Municipality of Rozaje, in the spring of 1991, when 21 civilians were killed by reservists of the Podgorica Army Corps YUGOSLAV.
The former head of the Police Security Section in Rozaje, Shemso Dedeic, states that on the fatal date, April 18, 1991, civilians from Kosovo were killed in Kallugjerski Laz and Gornji Bukel (in Upper Bukel), just because they were Albanians. “Inspired by hatred, they were shot by a Yugoslav Army reservist force, members of the Podgorica Troops.”
Dedeic claims that on the same day, joint units of the Yugoslav Army and police formations from Peja were stationed in the Upper Bukel area, where they formed a Headquarters, led by a certain Slobo Jovanovic. He noted that then-Deputy Minister Vuk Boskovic was not allowed to enter Kallujerski Laz until the army conducted an investigation. The military investigation, according to Dedeiq, “hid” many corpses, but also the truth P. After the investigation carried out by the army, Dedeiqi adds that the military reservists loaded the killed bodies of Albanians in a yellow “FAP” truck.
Police officers from Berane and Rozaje were barred from taking part in that act, and later counted the bodies killed. It was then confirmed that they intended to transport the bodies in the direction of Kulla, and further towards Peja.
We are also highlighting the arrest and torture of 17 Albanians, in the so-called “Eagle Flight” operation in Malësia, in 2006.
Finally, based on the above facts, but also from a voluminous scientific literature, it can be concluded that Montenegro, respectively its political leadership headed by Momir Bulatovi,, Milo ukukanovi dhe and other senior officials, directly or indirectly were participants in the 1990 wars, respectively the bloody dissolution of the former Yugoslavia in order to create a “Greater Serbia” on the basis of extreme nationalism and Serbian chauvinism. The Montenegrin leadership, therefore, were blind servants, or obedient pioneers of the Balkan Butcher Slobodan Milosevic, a war criminal against humanity. At that time it was difficult to be part of a national minority, and therefore part of the Albanians in Montenegro. Because, minorities were marginalized and discriminated against. Let us believe that the national parties of the minority peoples in Montenegro have been and are known for this fact, which for a long time were in a joint coalition, respectively in a “warm embrace” with Milo ukukanovi part’s party. – Social Democratic Party.