In the UAE, drones will try to encourage more abundant rainfall.
Since they are located in the desert, rain in the Emirates is rare. The annual amount of rain that falls is very small. That is why the authorities in this country are forced to find a way to provide water.
To that end, they decided to try to use drones that catapult as needed. They are designed and built so that they can cause electrical loads in the clouds, and in order to increase the probability of rain, reports khaleejtimes .
It is the idea of a group of scientists from Reading University from 2017, and the spacecraft is currently being tested near Dubai.
The ultimate goal was to determine if this technology could be used to cause heavier rains in parts of the world where rainfall is rare. The Nicoll research team initially investigated how the clouds behaved. They found that rain is more likely to fall when droplets in the cloud have a positive or negative electrical charge.
Nicoll stressed that the size of the raindrops is extremely important. This is especially important in the UAE, where the clouds are very high and where the air temperatures are very high. So it happens that the drops evaporate when they fall.
The UAE National Meteorological Center has provided $ 1.5 million for the development of such drones as part of a program aimed at getting more rain in this part of the world. The drones have a complete autopilot system and can fly for 40 minutes.
The aircraft has sensors that measure temperature, as well as other meteorological conditions. A charging emitter was also installed, which was made in collaboration with the British University of Bath.
The drones were tested in the UK and Finland, while cloud behavior testing was conducted in Dubai. Since Nicola’s team could not go to the UAE due to the coronavirus pandemic, some citizens of this country were trained to operate drones.
According to the Nature Conservation Fund (WWF), two-thirds of the world’s population will face water scarcity by 2025. That is why Nicolla’s future projects will be devoted to how to encourage rainfall.